What air filtration options exist for enclosures?
Given the emissions that 3d printing gives off (ABS = styrene and other chemicals, PLA give some off, etc), what options are there to filter the air in the enclosure other than venting the air out of a window?
More information on the chemicals 3d printing emit:
It looks like activated carbon filters would be a strong performer for ABS (styrene) and PLA (lactide):
Are there better filtering materials or processes for filtering the air in an enclosure?
Here's an example filter setup:
- This fan mount: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:780001
- 60mm fans and this filter: https://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B00XNI5SY4
- And sandwich the filter on the fan using this fan grill: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:11906
Do you mean a system for pumping air out of the enclosure that stops particles from leaving the printer and getting into the air in the room?
Can you please be more specific with your question and details? At the moment, your question is too broad.
Apologies! I'll edit my question right now. The question revolves around the emissions that printing can give off and how to filter the emissions out of the air. As an example, printing in ABS emits styrene which is potentially carcinogenic. So to filter the styrene out of the air, a fan can be added to the enclosure to pull the air out of the space and filter it. Please let me know if you would like any other information to make this more clear.
+1 for the update! I still might update the title, try to remove the word "best". Perhaps a title might be "What materials can be used as air filters for enclosures?". It might attract more users.
I am voting to close this question as primarily opinion based because it is attracting answers that are basically product blurbs/recommendations.
I don't believe the question should be closed because it's not receiving the type of answer suited for this site. Vote against the answers if they aren't suitable.
Hello @Chase Westlye, I noticed your question has been up for a while now. Have any of the answers below been able to solve your question? If so, would you mind accepting the appropriate answer. If not, what is missing so that we may help you further? Also, if you have figured it out on your own, you can always answer and accept your own solution. Thank you.
My residential materials expert referred me to these links (3D Printing Fume Extraction Solutions, and ABS 3d Printer Nanoparticle and Chemical Exhaust Air Filter) and thinks that you're pretty much on track with the idea of using activated carbon.
We both primarily print with ABS with my Replicator Dual and what's worked enough for me (in the past 5 years) is to keep my printer next to a window or vent in my den at home. The window is obviously a good ventilation option, but the variability that it creates in the ambient temperature screwed with my prints. Later, I moved my machine into its own hutch, which, if it is an option, would greatly help the overall environment for both the machine and any stored filament.
We'll keep poking around, but hopefully that helps in the mean time.
It depends on how often you use your printer, meaning how many particles does your printer emit for time-unit. If you print nonstop with 5 printers then it's a different situation, opposite to one print per week.
Best material for passive filtering is carbon foam. It has the ability to capture chemical fumes. See this filter comparison.
Having an enclosure with such a filter would be a good start.
For example BuzzBox.
I have to say that I don't know the particle size of 3d printing emission and how good the filtering ability of carbon foam is.
A step above is to bind such an enclosure bundled with an air purifier.
The best option would be laboratory equipment. But it is the most expensive one. It is designed to filter toxic vapours, fumes, gases and particles.
If you decide to build an enclosure on your own, take a look on Prusa's video on a DIY version build from Ikea table. There is no filtration system, but it should be simple enough to integrate a carbon foam with a ventilation.
- video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oS7ZtBNh2hE
- blog post: https://www.prusaprinters.org/cheap-simple-3d-printer-enclosure/
- 3d models: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:2864118
Here is an article about DIY enclosures: https://all3dp.com/2/3d-printer-enclosure-5-cheap-diy-options/
I have looked into this a lot. Especially when I had a phd chem engineer girlfriend who kept talking about how the fumes might give me cancer.. Frankly the system you need just costs too much. Lab equipment can run 20k easily. Not to mention the noise. What you really need is a backyard shed, but as one who lives where it snows I understand that is rarely a realistic option.
The Buzzbox looks cool and there are other brands. However their prices are usually as much as a flashforge, and usually cannot even hold a flashforge.
More importantly there are parts where you can DIY your own.
300 for a plexiglass case that can only hold a mini printer is not good enough by far.
The local hackerspace should have a large laser cutter. Plastic should run 100 - 200 depending on how thick of a sheet you want. I personally buy scrap pieces. Designing a square box, adding hinges, then coating the edges with silicon sealant. Evacuate the chamber when done printing. Also should double as a heat chamber..
For me, I can easily run 5 printers at a time. So I might take a metal Cabinet, seal it up. test it with a fog machine. Cut out a hole for the evacuation hose, and wire up camera. But I am far from having that much free time.
Also if I manage to make it air tight it should reduce fire hazard.
Taking that laser cutting fume extractor. There is nothing that will perform better than that. I hear you might get some smell, but that was in regards to laser cutters.
I was very concerned about this issue when I bought my own 3d printer, so I decided to design fumes extraction solution for this. It is tailored only for my Zortrax M200 but I hope that it is good example of how to solve this problem with limited budget.
I designed this self-printable filter enclosure.
Rather than vent any air outside the printer enclosure, this will recirculate the air within, constantly running the air through the filter while at the same time conserving the heat needed for ABS prints. It's simple, and you can employ more than one of these or, using my design files, extend the size of the cabinet to stack more layers of carbon filtration material. It only employs one inexpensive PC fan to move air. I've found it effective for my purposes, never having to smell ABS prints or suffer eye irritation from them again.
with what kind of enclosure do you combine this? Have you noticed a better print from circulating the air and thus equalizing the chamber temperature?
I built my own enclosure using plexiglass and some open-source mating pieces to assemble it, and sealed with clear tape. So, any enclosure that would keep air from escaping should work. As for recirculating the air and normalizing temps, I'm not sure that it makes that much difference. The biggest thing was just having the enclosure to help with that. Any air movement can cause cooling of the filament during a print, which can be desired or not desirable depending on the filament type and what you're printing.