Z Offset on autoleveling sensor setup
How does Z offset (
M851) work with an auto leveling sensor? Does it add the Z offset to the offset of the
G29mesh? or the
G29value replaces the
My printer is an Anet A8 with Marlin firmware, I was having issues with the autoleveling sensor and reset the Z offset to 0 and let
G29get the mesh offsets and its working good now.
I was looking through Marlin G-code page but couldn't figure out how
My setup with level issues:
M211 S0 ;turned endstops off and got a paper to find the zoffset
G28instructs the printer to home itself to the X an Y endstops and the Z sensor determines the homing of the Z axis; i.e. when the sensor triggers, this is not necessarily (and most commonly) not the position where the nozzle is at Z=0.
G29determines the shape of the bed by probing the bed. This will set the shape of the bed with respect to the sensor trigger point as described earlier. The Z-offset (set by
M851 Z-x.xxis needed to set the offset between the nozzle and the sensor trigger point (to the bed).
The sequence to determine the offset is:
M851 Z0; // Set the Z offset to zero height
G28; // Home Z in the middle of the bed
G1 Z0; // This will move the head to zero height;
M211 S0; // This will disable the end stops so that you
// will be able to proceed lower than Z=0
Now adjust Z height to fit a piece of paper and note the negative Z height (either through the LCD or through an application or console/terminal over USB)
M851 Z-1.23; // Define the Z offset
M500; // Store the settings
M211 S1; // Enable the end stops again
Please note that -1.23 is a fictive value that should be replaced by your own value.
To explicitly answer the raised question, the
G29probes the bed by scanning the surface geometry and the
M851adds an offset for the sensor trigger to the nozzle (at the center). The offset is required to let the firmware know where the nozzle is with respect to the trigger point. The offset therefor lowers the scanned
G29surface, no replacement is taking place. The sketches below illustrate this:
note that the bottom line of the "M851 Z offset" denotes the