Prusa i3 Mk3 - Top layer wrinkles (not on buildplate)

  • Recently started using my kit Prusa I3 Mk3 and noticed that with large horizontal surfaces a wrinkling pattern is emerging.

    As you can see in the image the wrinkles seem to run parallel, the surface is 10 mm above the build plate with all bridges fully supported.

    Has anyone seen this before? All other areas seem to be doing well.

    This print uses PLA filament @ 235 °C hotend temperature and clearly shows a wrinkled pattern on the top layer

    Print showing wrinkled top layer print issue

    If it helps, I haven't changed the settings from the normal Prusa Slic3r 0.15 profile.

    The problem reduced to an acceptable level by reducing the temperature to 205 °C but keeping the fan speed 100 %, I am printing PLA. I might reduce the fan speed if I feel troubled by the result.

    Hi and welcome to 3D Printing.SE! Please share some print temperature and cooling fan settings, this definitely sounds like a too hot nozzle/too much fan cooling issue.

    how many top layers do you use?

    Hi Oscar, so your solutions seem to have fixed the issue, thank you very much. The temperature was set at 215 degrees C and I reduced it to 205.

    @PaulV What was the bed temperature and fan rpm setting when you had the defect? And which material are you printing, PLA? Please update the answer by [edit], thanks! With an updated question, it has much more value for other to use as a reference or for troubleshooting.

    3 close votes? Does anyone want to admit to why?

    @SeanHoulihane it is the custom troubleshooting close afaict, so it might be because of terse information on the actual problem?

    First try printing a head test tower for your PLA, because I have really good experience by using just 195 to 200°C (also colleges of mine) . How much infill do you use? Did you exactly measure the PLA filament? Did this also happend with other PLA filaments (also from other brands)? Is the nozzle in good shape? Do you use a flow of over 100% for this part of the print?

    Hi, thank you for your comments. The problem was solved by reducing the temperature to 205deg., I kept the fan speed at 100% as is standard in the Prusa Slic3r settings. :) Thank you for all your comments and help, but as you might have noticed I marked the answer from Oscar below as the solution.

  • 0scar

    0scar Correct answer

    3 years ago

    Waves in printed surfaces with FFF are observed at either the bottom layer (common) or the top layer (less common).

    Waves in bottom layer

    Rippling/wave generation/wrinkling is a common problem for first layer to occur and has a direct relation to the print nozzle to bed distance; a too short of a distance or over-extrusion can lead to this effect. However, this effect is less commonly observed in top layer finishes. Bottom layer waves are described in more detail in this answer.

    Waves in top layer

    I have seen this defect before. It is caused by a combination of incorrect hotend temperature and print cooling fan settings. Please reduce the hotend temperature and reduce the fan cooling. The image below clearly shows the differences of such measures.

    Solving waves in top layer of print

    I thought there was an answer which described the mechanism for these waves (talking about the first layer), but I can't find it. I'd be interested if you can expand on the process - unless you're suggesting that first and top layer effects have a different process? Edit : just found it:

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Content dated before 7/24/2021 11:53 AM