Why does the moon appear on cloudy night sky?
Now, I was looking the sky when I saw the Moon showing up in a sky completely cloudy, like this:
But a little different. The clouds were doing an eye shape. What does explain that phenomenon? Looks as if moonbeams drilled through the clouds!
not exactly theses optical phenomenon. What I saw was the same phenomenon than the picture. Showing a certain deep, from the clouds until the moon. Sorry it's hard to explain when I have no knowledge about it
my question is why does more light not show? surely the moon is not projecting a direct beam of light which only lights that small area of clouds. what is the phenomenon that only allows us to see the area directly in front of the moon light up?
That is called a corona. It is caused by diffraction of light by thin clouds with small but evenly sized particles. The best coronas show multiple coloured bands.
There is a similar, but unrelated, phenomenon, called a halo, which is caused by high altitude ice crystals with a regular hexagonal shape. It is much larger, 22 degrees wide.
Both these can be seen around the sun as well as the moon, and are fairly common, more common than rainbows (for example).