Why does the Earth have a tilt of ~23°?

    • Is there a reason that the Earth has the tilt that it does (~23°)?

    • How do we know which way is supposed to be 0°?

    • Does this tilt have major consequences on the planet?

    • Has it changed and will it change in the future? (If so, would there be any consequences?)

    Probably too obvious to mention, but the tilt is what causes seasons. The tilt changes slightly due to "nutation" from the moon (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutation)

  • e-sushi

    e-sushi Correct answer

    9 years ago

    First up, the tilt is exactly 23.45 degrees.

    The reason for Earth's tilt is still not yet really proven, but scientists at Princeton stated on August 25, 2006 that planet Earth may have 'tilted' to keep its balance. Quote:

    By analyzing the magnetic composition of ancient sediments found in the remote Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, Princeton University's Adam Maloof has lent credence to a 140-year-old theory regarding the way the Earth might restore its own balance if an unequal distribution of weight ever developed in its interior or on its surface.

    The theory, known as true polar wander, postulates that if an object of sufficient weight -- such as a supersized volcano -- ever formed far from the equator, the force of the planet's rotation would gradually pull the heavy object away from the axis the Earth spins around. If the volcanoes, land and other masses that exist within the spinning Earth ever became sufficiently imbalanced, the planet would tilt and rotate itself until this extra weight was relocated to a point along the equator.

    Same goes for the lack of proof about the exact consequences on the planet or if it'll happen again. All that is still being researched and debated, but those Princeton scientists have thrown in some interesting perspectives which you'll discover when you visit the link I provided and completely read what they wrote.

    Besides "consequences" for Earth as a planet, it should be noted that the tilt of Earth is the reason why we have seasons. So even when we yet have to find out what the consequences for Earth (as a planet) have been and/or will be, we do know that the tilt surely has consequences for all beings that live on planet Earth… the seasons that influence us all: summer, fall, winter, and spring.

    And - last but not least - as for your question how they know where 0 degrees would be, you just have to look at the Earth's rotation around the sun. Take a 90° angle of the planet's orbit and you know where 0° would be. But I guess a picture explains more than a thousand words, so I quickly created the following graphic:

    tilt and axis explained

    Note that it is thought that the moon has a stabilizing effect on the Earth's tilt. That is, variations in the tilt will be reduced because of gravitational interaction with the moon.

    @Evert Correct. Thinking about it, it would be pretty interesting if we would be able to live long enough to see the long-term consequences of the Moon's increasing distance from Earth, especially in relation to that stabilizing effect.

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Content dated before 7/24/2021 11:53 AM

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