When to use "gibt es" and "es gibt", respectively?

  • Being new to German, I am not properly affiliated with the correct grammatical use of gibt es and es gibt. All I know is that they both mean there is in English.
    So in what scenarios do I use each one of these phrases correctly?

    Minor heads-up: Many non-native speakers (I've heard it from US-Americans and Frenchmen) use "es gibt" on way more occasions than a German would, e. g. "Es gibt eine Party am Samstag." since it is a direct translation from the, in this case English, "There is a party on saturday". It's not really wrong, but a German would never say it that way. The more common form would be "Am Samstag ist eine Party".

  • Emanuel

    Emanuel Correct answer

    7 years ago

    The German verb has to come second. The first position can be filled with whatever. Thus the phrase "gibt es" can totally be part of statements

    Es gibt in Berlin gute Bäcker.

    In Berlin gibt es gute Bäcker.

    As the other answer already mentions, "Gibt es" is the order you'll find in questions.

    Gibt es in Berlin gute Bäcker?

    AND it can be also a colloquial response to that very question:

    Ja, gibt es. (Yes, there are)

    Lastly, it "gibt es" can occur in sentences that use a verb-first structure to express "if".

    Gibt es gutes Brot, esse ich gerne Frühstück.

    If there is good bread, I enjoy eating breakfast.

    And then there is also 3rd person singular of "geben", for instance: *Er gibt es [das Auto] zurück.* [He returns it (the car)]

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Content dated before 7/24/2021 11:53 AM