In which countries does the music business contribute most to the economy?
Some countries are known for coffee, some for oil, some for consumer electronics...
Which countries' music industries contribute the most to their economies, as a percentage of their GDP? (Let's say top 5).
I think you should expand this question a bit. I'll try to explain what I mean as simple as I can: if a song 'contributes' 1m dollars to the USA economy, that might be like the 1% of the economic income of the US. BUT, if a song from a third world country 'contributes' 0.5m dollas to the economy, that could be like 20% of the poor country. Which one do you find more contributing?
I did say *as a percentage of their GDP* in the question text... is that what you mean?
I'm not expert in this stuff, but in that file, potentially music related data comes in two categories: "Performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and related activities" and "Motion picture and sound recording industries" There's nothing broken out as specifically as music.
If the US doesn't publish data more specifically, odds are not great that you'll find enough other countries that publish it to land at a reliable answer. (FWIW, the combined contribution of those two industries to the US GDP has increased steadily since 1997 and in 2013 was about 1.2% of the overall GDP).
Related to that, many studies of this general area roll up music into the general "creative industries" or "copyright-based industries."
Here are some potentially useful resources that don't exactly answer the question
- RIAA: Music's Contribution to the Economy, with links to five papers, four of which are for specific US cities/metro areas.
- UK Music: The Economic Value of the Music Industry
- Economic contribution of the New Zealand Music Industry, 2012-13 (PDF)
- The Socio-economic Contribution Of Music To The Irish Economy
As the countries represented in that list shows, this searching is certainly limited by my searching in English, but that's all I got.
(Related to one of the comments on your original question, some studies, including possibly the above, have various models for multiplying or other add-on effects to get to a more impressive number. For example, music festivals also stimulate the tourism economy, etc, so advocates will take some credit for that when trying to estimate the economic importance of music.)
To stretch a point - no doubt the Beatles museum in Liverpool contributes to the tourist industry - but how closely does that relate to 'music' itself? ;)
@Tetsujin There are *several* Beatles museums in Liverpool, plus Beatles-themed bus tours, hotels etc.
@DaveP I've only seen the one, at Albert Dock - but it was just to point out how difficult some of this data is to measure