What kind of distinctive clothing depicted Sumerian gods?

  • Was there any distinctive clothing which depicted Sumerian gods (Anunnaki) and their ranks? Like wearing helmets with horns?

    Few examples:

    • cylinder seal VA/243
    • Akkadian Cylinder Seal of Adda (c. 2250 B.C.) with, left to right, Ninurta, Ishtar, Shamash, and Ea. From Dury, Art of the Ancient Near and Middle East, Abrams, NY

      Akkadian Cylinder Seal of Adda (c. 2250 B.C.) with, left to right, Ninurta, Ishtar, Shamash, and Ea. From Dury, Art of the Ancient Near and Middle East, Abrams, NY.

    • Akkadian Cylinder Seal (c. 2200 B.C. showing Gilgamesh slaying the bull of heaven, with Enkidu? Also from Dury; both in British Museum)

      Akkadian Cylinder Seal (c. 2200 B.C. showing Gilgamesh slaying the bull of heaven, with Enkidu? Also from Dury; both in British Museum.

    Image sources: tulane.edu

  • femtoRgon

    femtoRgon Correct answer

    7 years ago

    The four-tiered headress is frequently repeated in representations mesopotamian deities.

    Some other examples include:

    Bust of an unknown god
    A bust of an unknown god
    the Burney Relief
    the Burney Relief,
    which depicts either Inanna or Ereshkigal.
    Enki
    A relief of Enki
    Hammurabi stele
    Depiction of Shamash on a Hammurabi stele

    These do seem to be worn by the most important deities, which seems to line up roughly with the gods Samuel Noah Kramer identifies as the "Gods who Decree", which includes: Anu, Enlil, Enki, Ninhursag, Inanna, Nanna and Shamash. If we conclude the Burney Relief is Ereshkigal, then perhaps her too, I suppose.

    Lesser gods seem to often wear hats like this one (shown on Nergal):

    Nergal with hat

    As far as the horned helmet on the lower seal, the fellow on the right (probably Enkidu) has noticeably bovine legs and tail. The horns are probably not intended to be a helmet, but rather part of the depiction of him being half-animal. Similar depiction seen here:

    Another possible Enkidu

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Content dated before 7/24/2021 11:53 AM