How did Athena keep from being turned into stone by her shield?

  • After Perseus killed Medusa, he gifted her head to Athena, who mounted it on a shield and used it in battle to turn her enemies into stone. How did she keep herself from being turned into stone by looking at the shield?

    From a metaphoric standpoint, Athena appropriates the power of the Gorgon, specifically the power to numb her enemies with fear. That is the significance of adding the Gorgon's head to her armor.

  • durron597

    durron597 Correct answer

    7 years ago

    Well, according to Ovid, she din't put Medusa's entire head on the shield, just the snakes from her hair:

    Jupiter’s daughter turned away, and hid her chaste eyes behind her aegis. So that it might not go unpunished, she changed the Gorgon’s hair to foul snakes. And now, to terrify her enemies, numbing them with fear, the goddess wears the snakes, that she created, as a breastplate.’

    Because Ovid (that translation anyway) says "terrify" and not "turn to stone", it would suggest that Athena didn't actually wear the entire head in her armor, just the snakes; which perhaps on their own didn't turn anyone to stone.

    However, it was certainly not because Medusa could not turn gods to stone; Perseus turned Atlas, a Titan, to stone (again according to Ovid):

    Perseus delaying resolutely, and combining that with calm words. Inferior in strength (who could equal Atlas in strength?), he said, ‘Well now, since you show me so little kindness, accept a gift’ and turning away himself, he held out Medusa’s foul head, on his left hand side. Atlas became a mountain, as huge as he himself had been. Now his hair and beard were changed into trees, his shoulders and hands into ridges. What had been his head before was the crest on the mountain summit. His bones became stones. Then he grew to an immense height in every part (so you gods determined) and the whole sky, with its many stars, rested on him.

    Not entirely sure the Atlas Perseus killed is the Titan. From what I remember, it was a mortal king that had somehow insulted Perseus in the past. What's the source of your quote?

    @Yannis That quote is also from an Metamorphoses translation, that's why I didn't cite again, sorry.

    Ah, yes, since Ovid tells us that Atlas was the son of Iapetus, he's clearly referring to the Titan.

    You can an immortal being into stone?!

    Terrify can be understood as a metaphor for turning to stone, as in you freeze up in fear. (@durron597 The Latin text uses the word "terreat" so "terrify" is a direct rendering.)

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Content dated before 7/24/2021 11:53 AM