What is the difference between Functionalism and Structural-Functionalism?
I don't know if I should ask this here because the question is more like a sociology one. Anyway, I will give it a try, since most of the sociologists are also philosophers, so maybe I'll be lucky finding an answer.
I am preparing for an exam, and I understand really well Lévi-Strauss's structuralism and I also understand well functionalism(Malinowski).
My problem is that later on in the book I have a question that asks me to explain what Structural-Functionalism is.
I don't know how to answer that:
-Is that the same as just functionalism or is it a new point of view?
-Could you define or explain it a little bit for me please?
Please don't just give me a link to Wikipedia, because I've already been there and was not helpful to me.
If you find the Wikipedia article on Structural Functionalism too dense, I think the easiest links for you are going to be the Wikipedia articles on Radcliffe-Brown and Malinowski; both of these explain the relationships between (Malinowski's) functionalism, (Lévi-Strauss's) structuralism, and (Radcliffe Brown's) structural functionalism quite concisely.
In contrast to Radcliffe-Brown's structural functionalism, Malinowski argued that culture functioned to meet the needs of individuals rather than society as a whole. He reasoned that when the needs of individuals, who comprise society, are met, then the needs of society are met.