Can one tell, just by looking at a picture, if it's a sunset or a sunrise?
I was wondering, is there any inherent difference between a still of a sunset and one of a sunrise, if you have no further context?
That is, without knowing the time when the picture was taken, where in the world it was, which way the photographer was facing etc. Just from elements in the picture itself. Is it possible to tell the difference?
For instance, if the earth rotated a lot faster, I assume you would be able to tell by the light trail (or, of course, if it was a long exposure photograph).
@mattdm I'd seen this question, which is basically the other point of view. But it's indeed good to have it referenced here, thanks! :)
@NitinKumar Thanks :) There are a few theories that friends of mine have put forward elsewhere, I'll update here when I have more concrete information. Anyway, many of them suggest basically the same as "damned truths"
I think if you look through pictures you'll find quite a bit of difference, but I suspect much of it is illusory. Specifically, you'll almost certainly find more pictures of really spectacular sunsets than sunrises.
I'm not at all convinced that this is because an average sunset is more spectacular though -- it's a simple matter of the number of pictures taken. Far fewer people are awake and taking pictures at sunrise. Given a larger pool from which to select, the pictures we see of sunsets are naturally better.
That's not, however, to say there can't be any difference at all though. Most of the physical reasons (I can think of) probably do favor sunsets as well. During the day, the sun is heating the air and the ground. This leads to air movement that tends to pick up particulates (e.g., dust, smoke, etc.) and keep it in the air. It also leads to water evaporating (relatively) quickly from anything like lakes and rivers in the area. In addition, quite a few things that people do (e.g., driving) tends to happen primarily during the day, so it "pushes" more pollution into the air during the day. Thus, at the end of the day, the light is shining through air that carries more particles, which almost inevitably does more to diffuse the light.
During the night, there's a lot less pollution being put into the air, and the lack of heating means the air tends to be calmer as well, so by morning many of those particulates will have simply fallen out of the air, and the humidity either formed into clouds or precipitated. The clearer air does less to diffuse the light, so the sunrise isn't as spectacular.
Although I can't provide any scientific support for it, my first guess would be that the selection bias is probably the largest factor though. Sunset pictures we see are likely to be more colorful, simply because we catch/see a lot more of them, and are a lot more likely to just throw one out if it isn't really spectacular.
Bottom line: yes, you can probably guess, and you'll probably be right a little more often than you're wrong -- but unless you recognize the terrain or something like that, it's essentially impossible to know with any real certainty.
Great answer. I think these points are certainly key factors in the differences between sunrise and sunset. I've noticed myself that sunrises (when I am up to see them) tend to be softer, slightly less saturated, and more yellow. Sunsets tend to be harsher, definitely more saturated, and more orange and red. I've never really been sure why, but the particulate hypothesis seems pretty solid.
From my (family's) observations, generally sunsets have a larger spread of light. Also sunsets have more colour depth. For example:
Sunrise (from Wikipedia)
Sunset (from wikipedia)
This is from our own observations, NOT from any documented sources.
Ah, very interesting observation, thanks! I'll dig a bit through my own pictures and see if it matches :)
@rbp I have only done some shallow searching so these observations may not be correct. But I think they are