What is the difference between Nikkor D type and G type lenses?

  • I recently bought a Nikon D5100. And along with this camera, I got the AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G VR lens as kit. It's "G" type lens, right?

    One of my friend suggested to buy a 50mm f/1.8D prime lens for a good aperture. I bought it too, and it's "D" type lens.

    Main thing is I'm confused about what these "G" and "D" type lens means. I know it's a common question but I didn't find any solid answer.

  • Yao Bo Lu

    Yao Bo Lu Correct answer

    7 years ago

    Here is the description from Nikon's own web site:

    D-Type NIKKOR Lenses A D-type lens relays subject-to-camera-distance information to Nikon D-SLRs that feature 3D Color Matrix Metering (all versions), 3D Matrix Metering, 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash and i-TTL Balanced Fill-Flash. Many D-Type lenses have an aperture control ring and can be used on older Nikon SLR cameras that allow for manual control of the aperture, as well as on D-SLRs—especially useful for adjusting aperture while recording D-Movies on higher end models. When used on a D-SLR, the aperture control ring needs to be locked at the smallest possible aperture (generally designated in orange), and the aperture control is maintained through the camera's command dial

    G-Type NIKKOR Lenses A G-type lens does not have an aperture control ring and are intended for use on Nikon D-SLRs that allow the lens aperture to be adjusted via the camera's command dial. Because G-type lenses relay subject-to-camera-distance information to the camera, where it is used to help determine ambient and flash exposure, they are also considered to be D-type lenses. The lack of an aperture control ring is perhaps the easiest way that you can tell if a lens is a G-Type NIKKOR or not. [The AF-S NIKKOR 24-120mm f/4G ED VR lens, shown above is an example of a G-Type lens. Note there is no aperture ring on that version of the lens, while there is an aperture ring on the AF version, above right.]


    To me the main different is that a G lenses are newer lenses where Nikon have removed the aperture ring.

    not having aperture ring also means can't use it with older (non-digital) bodies that expect control to be on the lens

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Content dated before 7/24/2021 11:53 AM