How can some politicians become cabinet ministers without winning elections in India?
Smriti Irani and Arun Jaitley both lost the elections in the recent Lok Sabha elections in India, so how can they become cabinet ministers if they didn't even win the election? Mustn't one be a member of Parliament first to become a cabinet minister? Is there any special provision for becoming a cabinet minister without winning the election?
Under the Constitution of India, Part V.—The Union.—Arts. 75—76., the President on the advice of the Prime Minister appoints cabinet Ministers.
(1) The Prime Minister shall be appointed by the President and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the President on the advice of the Prime Minister.
Yes, you must normally be a member of Parliment to continue to serve as a cabinet minister, but that doesn't prevent you from being appointed in the first place.
(5) A Minister who for any period of six consecutive months is not a member of either House of Parliament shall at the expiration of that period cease to be a Minister.