What is the role and responsiblity of the king in Spain in the Spanish government?
What is the role of the king, socially or politically, in Spain?
Recently Spain's monarch abdicated his throne for his son. See info
i would separate this into two questions. One cannot be certain that the UK and Spain (let alone ther countries) allow exactly the same governmental/social powers.
@user1873 Is it ok make two question then? one for spain and another for UK?, I ask for avoid downvotes and get close questions
Spain has a constitutional monarchy. The term "constitutional monarchy" means that the king is stripped from the conventional powers -though he retains very limited power- an absolute king would have. This contradicts the term absolute monarchy where the king is the de facto ruler - Qatar and Saudi Arabia, for instance, are absolute monarchies.
That being said, the King holds no political power nor does he interfere with the government (appointing executives, increasing taxes...). He and the monarchy serve as mere figures of State and many people see them as symbol of unity and culture in Spain. Subsequently, the existence of a monarchy in Spain and its evolution to what it is now -Unlike France or Germany- can be understood through the country's history.
This is pretty much equivalent to the British monarchy in the United Kingdom where the Queen has relatively small powers. The queen is the figurative head of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth states. This also applies to the Nordic countries where monarchies are still preserved.
Hope this answers your question.
My understanding of the Wikipedia page implied the King has more say in who's in charge of the government than the English Queen does (he chooses someone from the party, rather than approves the party's chosen someone), but is similarly hands-off day-to-day. But I didn't read it very closely and may be wrong.
The paragraph about the UK is not accurate. The Queen may be a figurehead in terms of most of her theoretical powers, but that doesn't change the fact that she is really is the head of state of the UK, and head of the Commonwealth.
@Amejel: My statement stems from matters of fact, not my opinion of royalty. The Queen has very real powers; see this answer for a list.
Also, I can't agree with your analogy. While a motorbike does inherit certain characteristics from a bicycle (e.g. having two wheels), calling it a bicycle would be wrong, because that term implies something powered by the rider, not an engine. Similarly, calling someone a "figurative head" of a country when they are the _actual_ head of state does not (IMHO) make things clearer; quite the opposite.