Is NEXUS clearly better than Global Entry or TSA Pre-Check for US citizens?
I'm considering joining one of the US government's Trusted Traveler programs. I found this comparison chart (see below) on the Homeland Security website comparing TSA Pre-Check, Global Entry, NEXUS, and SENTRI.
I'm a US citizen, so I'm eligible to join any of them. Now usually when you have multiple options for something, each has its own relative advantages and disadvantages. But when comparing TSA Pre-Check, Global Entry, and NEXUS, it appears that NEXUS offers all the benefits of the other two, in addition to expedited processing to enter Canada, and also costs a lot less. This seems a little too good to be true, so I wonder if I am missing something.
Given the choice between the three of them, is it really true that NEXUS is clearly superior in all ways? Or is there a catch?
(As for SENTRI, I guess the main extra benefit it offers is that you can register your car, so if you enter the US by road in your own car, you can use a special lane. I don't think I'd use that feature so I don't think it's worth it for me to pay the higher fee for SENTRI, unless it has even more features that I'm missing.)
I created the [tag:trusted-traveler] tag. Feel free to go back and add it to other questions about these programs and others that may be similar.
The qualifications for each of these are not just "is a US citizen" so it's possible not everyone can get each of them.
@Kate: It's certainly true that some citizens of other countries might be eligible for some of these programs and not others. But it does appear to be that every US citizen is eligible for all four (provided they have a passport, I guess). That being the case, if, as it seems, NEXUS is better, you might think they wouldn't bother to offer the other options to US citizens.
for example, you can't get Nexus if you've ever misbehaved wrt to customs before, but you might still be able to get preCheck. I think also you have to have lived at the same address for some period of time for Nexus. And so on. It's not an automatic approval just because you are a US citizen.
There isn't much advantage to Global Entry now that any US or Canadian citizen, and VWP repeat travelers, can use the Automated Passport Control kiosks.
@Kate: That's the sort of thing I wanted to know. I know it isn't automatic approval, but I didn't know the approval criteria were different. Post an answer?
@Michael: My main interest is in access to TSA Pre Check. It seems like NEXUS offers this at lower cost than TSA's own program.
alas I don't really know the conditions for the various programs. If someone wants to do the research and write it up, that would be cool.
This isn't a comprehensive answer, so I'll leave it as a comment, but an important catch is that you can only have your Nexus application interview at various sites near the US-Canada border, while Global Entry and TSA-Pre interview sites are at many international airports throughout the US. If this is inconvenient for you, then Nexus probably isn't the program for you.
I have essentially the same question, but a bit more specific. So I'll see if this comment gets a response before posting something new: If I apply for NEXUS, get conditionally approved, then go up to Seattle or Detroit for the interview and they ask "Why do you want a NEXUS card?", will responding with "Because it's 15 dollars cheaper than PreCheck and I've always wanted to visit Canada," would they reject the application? In other words, would having no definite plans to travel to Canada be a deal-breaker?
For that last comment, assume that I would be traveling to Detroit or Seattle for other reasons than the NEXUS interview. I do understand that traveling to these cities will cost more than the 15 dollars saved (and the extra month waiting).
I'm a NEXUS member, and it is indeed the case that NEXUS is the best of these. It gets you TSA-Pre, it includes all the benefits of Global Entry when entering the US, both the NEXUS lanes at land border crossings from Canada and the Global Entry machines in US airports (it doesn't matter where you are coming from), and it provides similar benefits when crossing into Canada by land or flying into a Canadian airport (from anywhere). And the price is $50 for 5 years, compared to $85 for TSA-Precheck and $100 for Global Entry.
The drawbacks of NEXUS are mostly related to the process of getting the membership. It takes about a month for a NEXUS application to be conditionally approved, which I understand is significantly longer than it takes for Global Entry alone, and the NEXUS interviews need to be conducted at a place where both CBP and CBSA officers are present, which mostly limits you to offices at US-Canada land border crossings or at the Canadian airports which have US preclearance facilities.
So if you live close enough to the Canada border to visit a border crossing for an interview, or you fly to Canada frequently enough to make an appointment at a Canadian airport convenient, the NEXUS membership is preferred. If getting to a NEXUS office is a problem, however, then you probably won't care so much about the Canadian privileges NEXUS provides beyond Global Entry in any case and it is likely worth the extra $50 to be able to do the Global Entry interview close to home.
There are some interview locations in the US (other than border crossings). There's one in Seattle. Strangely, not at our big airport; it's at what everyone calls Boeing Field (but is officially King County International Airport).
I did see Seattle in the NEXUS office list, though it seems to be unique. Do you know if CBSA does preclearance somewhere in Seattle? I notice Kenmore Air, which flies from Boeing Field, also flies sea planes from Seattle direct to some fairly tiny places on the BC Inside Passage, so it might be more efficient to do the Canada customs inspection for them in Seattle before departure then it would be to man offices to process arrivals in all those places. If so the NEXUS office there would be like the offices at Canadian airports with US preclearance.
I have had TSA-Pre for a couple of years now thanks to my airline status. It has been a nice benefit, as it makes security a bit less burdensome, faster at big airports, less hassle at smaller airports.
I had INSPASS when it was in operation and while it sped up time through immigration, I still had to wait for my baggage, so the end result was still the same. As a result I have never bothered with Global Entry, as my work travel requires lots of gear, so I am always checking bags. If you travel globally with only carry on, then it might be worth looking into.
They now have the Passport Apps, which let you fill out your entry form on your phone, submit it when you land and breeze through immigration by simply having the barcode scanned (a bit faster than the kiosks and much faster than the old talk with an official lines, BUT not available at all international airports yet).
I could be wrong, but my understanding of NEXUS is that it is only for crossing between US & Canada. And while the NEXUS card holders can use Global Entry machines (in lieu of a NEXUS machine), it doesn't provide the same "global" coverage as Global Entry does (ie you can't use it for expedited entry when coming from China, France, etc).
NEXUS itself doesn't get you in, but part of getting NEXUS membership is that you also get Global Entry membership. (That may not have been true years ago, but it is now.).
@JamesMoore - Perhaps you can cite a reference for your statement. Nexus allows you to use Global Entry kiosks at some border crossings, but it does not give you Global Entry membership.
Looks like "membership" isn't the right word: https://goes-app.cbp.dhs.gov/common/FAQ.html#faq_cardholder_11 and http://www.cbp.gov/travel/trusted-traveler-programs/nexus/global-entry-kiosks. Also if you log into your GOES account (https://goes-app.cbp.dhs.gov/main/goes/HomePagePreAction.do) and you've done your NEXUS interview and fingerprints it'll list Global Entry on your account.
NEXUS does get you expedited entry when crossing between Canada and the USA. Based on your links it would seem you can now obtain Global Entry, by fulfilling the fingerprint requirements and such. So the question would be, what fee do you pay as Nexus is still $50 and Global Entry is $100. Seems a ripoff if you can sneak in Global Entry with a Nexus application for half price.
When you do your NEXUS interview, part of it is doing the fingerprint stuff for Global Entry; it's not an optional extra. NEXUS fees are decided jointly by Canada and the US, so it's not really surprising that they're really different than the other programs. Doing NEXUS is better than Global Entry by itself - cheaper and does more. The big catch is that you have to interview with both the Canadians and the US, and the number of places you can do that is small and geographically restricted. But if you can get to a NEXUS interview, you should. (Plus, the NEXUS card is valid airport ID.)
@JamesMoore - as you seem to have found a loophole, you should be writing this info as an answer to the OP's question, not as comments on another answer.
We travel frequently to Canada and find that they are now accepting Global Entry as equivalent to Nexus in terms of fast security check lines and fast customs processing. About the only difference I can see is that Nexus is the cheaper of the two.
It is true that at Canadian airports GE lets you use GE machines at US preclearance and the card gets you into the NEXUS line at security. The card also lets you use US-bound NEXUS lanes at the land border. I don't, however, think the card allows you to use the NEXUS machines to clear Canadian airport immigration (those machines use an iris scan biometric that is only recorded at NEXUS interview offices, GE machines use finger prints) and I doubt it is useful in Canada-bound NEXUS lanes at the land border. You need the NEXUS membership for those.
Your Global entry card is also a "legal" document in airports. Global entry also has an affiliation with other Countries, I don't know if Nexus does, It is not mentioned
This answer seems very vague and I don't understand it. What do you mean when you say "legal" document? What kind of "affiliation" are you talking about? What is the practical significance of this for a traveler?
A Global Entry card is a federal ID that the TSA accepts yes. And Global Entry is available to citizens of some other countries while NEXUS has more limited eligibility requirements, as noted in the linked comparison chart in the question.
https://www.tsa.gov/travel/security-screening/identification lists "DHS trusted traveler cards (Global Entry, NEXUS, SENTRI, FAST)" as "valid identification" so both the Global Entry card and the NEXUS card work.